January 29, 2020

Pruning Techniques

Common Types of Pruning

Many different names are used for the different types of pruning methods.

However, most fall into 2 different categories.  The first is most often termed a thinning cut, where a branch is cut back to a point of origin.  The second  is called heading back cut, where a branch is cut back to shorten the branch opposed to removing the limb altogether.  In attempt to increase the health and vigor of a tree, removing extended growth back to a set of buds is a common practice.  This will transfer the flow of energy to the side buds, providing for a more balanced growth.  This used to stimulate flowers, fruit trees and improve tree structure.

Thinning – Pruning by removing branches, limbs, or shoots at the base.   Typically executed by removing mature branched to help the vigor of younger shoot by rerouting the trees energy.  Also, used to remove old, unwanted, trouble areas.   

Topping – A drastic form of pruning used to remove the top of a tree.  The goal is often to maintain or lower the height of a tree.

Raising – This is accomplished by removing the low branches on a plant to improve the shape or increase the height of a tree

Reduction – The goal with reduction is to decrease the over all size of the tree by removing the leading shoots.  Like thinning this will improve the health and vigor of a tree.